What is true of a factory is also true of a society. Society can be said to be in a state of organisation, when all its parts such as associations and institutions are properly integrated so that they fulfil their recognised or implied functions or purposes. Social disorganisation implies some breakdown in the social organisation.
Due to this breakdown, the normal functioning of the parts of “One wrotty disturbed leading to some or the other kind of problems. Disorganisation will lead to functional imbalance between various elements of social structure.
The terms ‘social organisation’ and ‘social disorganisation’ are relative. They represent two aspects of the whole functioning of the social system. As there may be various degrees of social organisation, so is the case with social disorganisation. No society can be in a state of either perfect organisation or disorganisation.
As S.A. Queen, W.B. Bodenhofer and E.B. Harper have said social disorganisation is a counterpart, of social organisation. “Just as social organisation provides the means by which a society maintains its unity and cohesion through effective control of its members, and hence, functions smoothly, social disorganisation causes a weakening of group solidarity, loss of control over its members, and, therefore, conflict and disintegration.
Social organisation implies the existence of institutions, which meet the needs of the members of a society. Social disorganisation, on the other hand, means the malfunctioning of institutions, their failure to satisfy the needs of the people and the consequent frustration of their desires.”
Thus, “if social organisation means the development of relationships which persons and groups find mutually satisfactory, then, disorganisation means their replacement by relationships which bring disappointment, thwarted wishes, irritation and unhappiness”.